German alphabet

The German alphabet is written in Latin. Includes 26 letters. When writing, also apply ä, ö, ü and ß. Officially, they are not included in the German alphabet.

Finds of the earliest monuments of the writing of the German tribes date back to the 2nd century. The runic writing system was used. With the spread of Christianity to the Germans came the Latin alphabet. Completely it was established by the XII century.

From the XVI to the XX century, many Gothic fonts were created. In fact, the people were not ready to deal with them. So they were called by the figures of the Italian revival, who considered these fonts «barbaric» because of the dissimilarity of the letters with the Roman letters. One of them was called a swabacher. Originated in the XV century. Later, in the XVII-XVIII centuries, was replaced by a fracture, which was used until the XX century and even later, in Hitler's Germany. In contrast to Gothic fonts, in the middle of the 1460's, an antique was created. It was widely used in Europe, and in Germany it was popular in the 19th century. In the 20th century, many fonts were developed by the printer Rudolf Koch. The modern inscriptions of the letters of the German alphabet are simpler and smoother.