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Gurmukhi

Range: 0A00—0A7F Quantity of characters: 128
U+0A00

Various signs

U+0A01
U+0A02
U+0A03
U+0A04

Independent vowels

U+0A05
U+0A06
U+0A07
U+0A08
U+0A09
U+0A0A
U+0A0B
U+0A0C
U+0A0D
U+0A0E
U+0A0F
U+0A10
U+0A11
U+0A12
U+0A13
U+0A14

Consonants

U+0A15
U+0A16
U+0A17
U+0A18
U+0A19
U+0A1A
U+0A1B
U+0A1C
U+0A1D
U+0A1E
U+0A1F
U+0A20
U+0A21
U+0A22
U+0A23
U+0A24
U+0A25
U+0A26
U+0A27
U+0A28
U+0A29
U+0A2A
U+0A2B
U+0A2C
U+0A2D
U+0A2E
U+0A2F
U+0A30
U+0A31
U+0A32
U+0A33
U+0A34
U+0A35
U+0A36
U+0A37
U+0A38
U+0A39
U+0A3A
U+0A3B

Various signs

U+0A3C
U+0A3D

Dependent vowel signs

U+0A3E
ਿ
U+0A3F
U+0A40
U+0A41
U+0A42
U+0A43
U+0A44
U+0A45
U+0A46
U+0A47
U+0A48
U+0A49
U+0A4A
U+0A4B
U+0A4C

Virama

U+0A4D
U+0A4E
U+0A4F
U+0A50

Sign

U+0A51
U+0A52
U+0A53
U+0A54
U+0A55
U+0A56
U+0A57
U+0A58

Additional consonants

U+0A59
U+0A5A
U+0A5B
U+0A5C
U+0A5D
U+0A5E
U+0A5F
U+0A60
U+0A61
U+0A62
U+0A63

Reserved

U+0A64
U+0A65

Digits

U+0A66
U+0A67
U+0A68
U+0A69
U+0A6A
U+0A6B
U+0A6C
U+0A6D
U+0A6E
U+0A6F

Signs

U+0A70
U+0A71

Vowel bases

U+0A72
U+0A73

Signs

U+0A74
U+0A75
U+0A76
U+0A77
U+0A78
U+0A79
U+0A7A
U+0A7B
U+0A7C
U+0A7D
U+0A7E
U+0A7F

Gurmukhi is a Unicode block containing characters for the Punjabi language, as it is written in India. In its original incarnation, the code points U+0A02..U+0A4C were a direct copy of the Gurmukhi characters A2-EC from the 1988 ISCII standard. The  Devanagari 0900–097F ,  Bengali 0980–09FF ,  Gujarati 0A80–0AFF ,  Oriya 0B00–0B7F ,  Tamil 0B80–0BFF ,  Telugu 0C00–0C7F ,  Kannada 0C80–0CFF , and  Malayalam 0D00–0D7F blocks were similarly all based on their ISCII encodings.

Gurmukhi is the most common script used for writing the Punjabi language in India. An abugida derived from the Laṇḍā script and ultimately descended from  Brahmi 11000–1107F , Gurmukhi was standardised by the second Sikh guru, Guru Angad, in the 16th century. The whole of the Guru Granth Sahib's 1430 pages are written in this script. The name Gurmukhi is derived from the Old Punjabi term «gurumukhī», meaning «from the mouth of the Guru».

Modern Gurmukhi has thirty-eight consonants (vianjan), nine vowel symbols (lāga mātrā), two symbols for nasal sounds (bindī and ṭippī), and one symbol which duplicates the sound of any consonant (addak). In addition, four conjuncts are used: three subjoined forms of the consonants Rara, Haha and Vava, and one half-form of Yayya. Use of the conjunct forms of Vava and Yayya is increasingly scarce in modern contexts.

Gurmukhi is primarily used in the Punjab state of India where it is the sole official script for all official and judicial purposes. The script is also widely used in the Indian states of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and the national capital of Delhi, with Punjabi being one of the official languages in these states. Gurmukhi has been adapted to write other languages, such as Braj Bhasha, Khariboli (and other Hindustani dialects), Sanskrit and Sindhi.

Unicode: