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Ugaritic

Range: 10380—1039F Quantity of characters: 32

Letters

𐎀
U+10380
𐎁
U+10381
𐎂
U+10382
𐎃
U+10383
𐎄
U+10384
𐎅
U+10385
𐎆
U+10386
𐎇
U+10387
𐎈
U+10388
𐎉
U+10389
𐎊
U+1038A
𐎋
U+1038B
𐎌
U+1038C
𐎍
U+1038D
𐎎
U+1038E
𐎏
U+1038F
𐎐
U+10390
𐎑
U+10391
𐎒
U+10392
𐎓
U+10393
𐎔
U+10394
𐎕
U+10395
𐎖
U+10396
𐎗
U+10397
𐎘
U+10398
𐎙
U+10399
𐎚
U+1039A
𐎛
U+1039B
𐎜
U+1039C
𐎝
U+1039D
U+1039E

Punctuation

𐎟
U+1039F

The Ugaritic script is a  Cuneiform 12000–123FF (wedge-shaped) abjad used from around either the fifteenth century BCE or 1300 BCE for Ugaritic, an extinct Northwest Semitic language, and discovered in Ugarit (modern Ras Shamra), Syria, in 1928. It has 30 letters. Other languages (particularly Hurrian) were occasionally written in the Ugaritic script in the area around Ugarit, although not elsewhere. Clay tablets written in Ugaritic provide the earliest evidence of both the North Semitic and South Semitic orders of the alphabet, which gave rise to the alphabetic orders of  Arabic 0600–06FF (starting with the earliest order of its abjad), the reduced  Hebrew 0590–05FF , and more distantly the  Greek 0370–03FF and  Latin 0000–007F alphabets on the one hand, and of the  Ge'ez 1380–139F alphabet on the other. Arabic and  Old South Arabian 10A60–10A7F are the only other Semitic alphabets which have letters for all or almost all of the 29 commonly reconstructed proto-Semitic consonant phonemes. According to Manfried Dietrich and Oswald Loretz in Handbook of Ugaritic Studies (eds. Wilfred G.E. Watson and Nicholas Wyatt, 1999): «The language they represented could be described as an idiom which in terms of content seemed to be comparable to Canaanite texts, but from a phonological perspective, however, was more like Arabic». The script was written from left to right. Although cuneiform and pressed into clay, its symbols were unrelated to those of the Akkadian cuneiform.

Unicode: