Cross is a geometric shape consisting of two intersecting lines or bars, usually perpendicular to each other. The cross sometimes can be grouped with other geometric figures. Throughout centuries the cross in its various shapes and forms was a symbol of various beliefs, including traditional and pagan religions.
A lot of archaeological finds confirm that the cross has been used from the ancient times. Ankhis a cross with a loop at the top name Ankh is one of the most recognizable symbols from ancient Egypt as a symbol of gods and life. More than three thousand years ago, a circle with four points in each of the cardinal directions and four wavy, diagonal lines emanating from the circle between each point was a symbol of the Assyrian sun god Shamash.
The cross cult was conceived because of The Crucifixion of Jesus Christ. In those times it was very common death penalty.
The history of the word “cross” is complicated; it appears to have entered English from Old Irish, possibly via Old Norse, ultimately from the Latin “crux” that meant “gallow, tree, execute tool”. Now the cross of Christ is the main symbol of Christian religion, the symbol of Christ's resurrection, of His victory over death. This cross is a symbol of the sacrificial love of God towards people.
Orthodox crossis an eight-pointed Christian cross, a symbol of Russian Orthodox Church. Its lowest inclined line represents two thieves crucified next to Christ. The repented one went to Paradise (up), but another one was set off to Hell (down).
In addition to the eight-pointed cross, the Orthodox Church uses two other common crosses: a six-pointed cross (without the highest line) and a four-pointed one (without the lowest inclined line). However, in Unicode the eight-pointed cross is called Orthodox.
In different sections of Unicode you can find various symbols and signs to indicate any cross. Among them there are Latin, St. Andrew’s , runic punctuation mark .