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Punctuation Marks

.
U+002E
U+0964
։
U+0589
U+3002
۔
U+06D4
U+2CF9
܁
U+0701
U+1362
U+166E
U+1803
U+2CFE
U+A4FF
U+A60E
U+A6F3
U+083D
U+1B5F
,
U+002C
،
U+060C
U+3001
՝
U+055D
߸
U+07F8
U+1363
U+1808
U+A4FE
U+A60D
U+A6F5
U+1B5E
U+2047
Exclamation Question Mark
U+2049
U+2048
U+203D
Heavy Exclamation Mark Symbol
U+2757
Double Exclamation Mark
U+203C
U+2E18
?
U+003F
;
U+037E
¿
U+00BF
؟
U+061F
՞
U+055E
܆
U+0706
U+1367
U+2CFA
U+2CFB
U+A60F
U+A6F7
𑅃
U+11143
U+AAF1
!
U+0021
¡
U+00A1
߹
U+07F9
U+1944
·
U+00B7
𐎟
U+1039F
𐏐
U+103D0
𒑰
U+12470
U+1361
U+1680
𐤟
U+1091F
U+0830
U+2014
U+2013
U+2012
U+2010
U+2043
U+FE63
U+FF0D
֊
U+058A
U+1806
;
U+003B
·
U+0387
؛
U+061B
U+1364
U+A6F6
U+2024
:
U+003A
U+1365
U+A6F4
U+1B5D
U+2026
U+FE19
U+0EAF
«
U+00AB
U+2039
»
U+00BB
U+203A
U+201E
U+201A
U+201C
U+201F
U+2018
U+201B
U+201D
U+2019
"
U+0022

Punctuation marks are the symbols of written language that are used for a more accurate reproduction of spoken language to the letter. They can denote intonation, indicate the connection between words and highlight parts of the text.

The list of punctuation marks:

Classification of punctuation marks by purpose:

  • Separation of the completed meaning of fragments of the texts – sentences, paragraphs. They also reflect intonation.
  • Designation of the relationship between parts of the same sentence.
  • Selection of quotes.
  • Designation of emotional attitude to the different parts of one sentence — words and phrases.
  • Marking of missing text fragments.
  • Symbols, which mean abbreviations of words.

In ancient times punctuation marks were almost never used. Then the word “punctuation” was related to the oratory. The founders of the modern system were the grammars who lived in Alexandria in the III – I centuries BC (Aristophanes of Byzantium, Dionysius Thrax, Aristarchus). At first the full stop was only used, and it was placed on top, below and in the middle of the line. A couple of centuries later a few more signs appeared and in the second century Nikanor had already eight signs. However, no specific rules were invented, each author put punctuation marks as he wanted. It lasted until the fifteenth century, when the printer Aldus Manuzio standardized punctuation. Since then the number of punctuation marks and the rules of their use have not changed dramatically.

Punctuation marks are not part of the alphabets. In consequence of the spread of European punctuation in the XX century they are in general similar to many modern world writings — Indian, Jewish, Arabic, Latin and Cyrillic.

It should be kept in mind that with time graphic representation of signs and their meaning changed. This page presents not only modern, but also historical images. In addition, some marks can be used as diacritic ones (modify or complement the letter). In this case they do not refer to punctuation marks.

HTML Entities for Punctuation Marks, Code Table

Symbol Entity HTML-code CSS-code Unicode Name
! ! ! \0021 U+0021 Exclamation Mark
# # # \0023 U+0023 Number Sign
% % % \0025 U+0025 Percent Sign
& & & \0026 U+0026 Ampersand
( ( ( \0028 U+0028 Left Parenthesis
) ) ) \0029 U+0029 Right Parenthesis
* * * \002A U+002A Asterisk
, , , \002C U+002C Comma
. . . \002E U+002E Full Stop
/ / / \002F U+002F Solidus
: : : \003A U+003A Colon
; ; &#59; \003B U+003B Semicolon
? ? ? \003F U+003F Question Mark
[ [ [ \005B U+005B Left Square Bracket
\ \ \ \005C U+005C Reverse Solidus
] ] ] \005D U+005D Right Square Bracket
^ ^ ^ \005E U+005E Circumflex Accent
_ _ _ \005F U+005F Low Line
` ` ` \0060 U+0060 Grave Accent
{ { { \007B U+007B Left Curly Bracket
| | | \007C U+007C Vertical Line
} } } \007D U+007D Right Curly Bracket
~ ˜ ~ \007E U+007E Tilde
ˆ ˆ ˆ \02C6 U+02C6 Modifier Letter Circumflex Accent
      \00A0 U+00A0 No-Break Space
    \2002 U+2002 En Space
    \2003 U+2003 Em Space
    \2009 U+2009 Thin Space
‌ ‌ \200C U+200C Zero Width Non-Joiner
‍ ‍ \200D U+200D Zero Width Joiner
‎ ‎ \200E U+200E Left-To-Right Mark
‏ ‏ \200F U+200F Right-To-Left Mark
¡ ¡ ¡ \00A1 U+00A1 Inverted Exclamation Mark
¦ ¦ ¦ \00A6 U+00A6 Broken Bar
§ § § \00A7 U+00A7 Section Sign
¨ ¨ ¨ \00A8 U+00A8 Diaeresis
ª ª ª \00AA U+00AA Feminine Ordinal Indicator
¬ ¬ ¬ \00AC U+00AC Not Sign
­ ­ ­ \00AD U+00AD Soft Hyphen
¯ ¯ ¯ \00AF U+00AF Macron
² ² ² \00B2 U+00B2 Superscript Two
³ ³ ³ \00B3 U+00B3 Superscript Three
´ ´ ´ \00B4 U+00B4 Acute Accent
µ µ µ \00B5 U+00B5 Micro Sign
¶ ¶ \00B6 U+00B6 Pilcrow Sign
· · · \00B7 U+00B7 Middle Dot
¸ ¸ ¸ \00B8 U+00B8 Cedilla
¹ ¹ ¹ \00B9 U+00B9 Superscript One
º º º \00BA U+00BA Masculine Ordinal Indicator
¿ ¿ ¿ \00BF U+00BF Inverted Question Mark
‐ ‐ \2010 U+2010 Hyphen
– – \2013 U+2013 En Dash
— — \2014 U+2014 Em Dash
― ― \2015 U+2015 Horizontal Bar
‖ ‖ \2016 U+2016 Double Vertical Line
† † \2020 U+2020 Dagger
‡ ‡ \2021 U+2021 Double Dagger
• • \2022 U+2022 Bullet
‥ ‥ \2025 U+2025 Two Dot Leader
… … \2026 U+2026 Horizontal Ellipsis
&; ‰ \2030 U+2030 Per Mille Sign
‱ ‱ \2031 U+2031 Per Ten Thousand Sign
′ ′ \2032 U+2032 Prime
″ ″ \2033 U+2033 Double Prime
‴ ‴ \2034 U+2034 Triple Prime
‵ ‵ \2035 U+2035 Reversed Prime
‾ ‾ \203E U+203E Overline
⁁ ⁁ \2041 U+2041 Caret Insertion Point
⁃ ⁃ \2043 U+2043 Hyphen Bullet
⁄ ⁄ \2044 U+2044 Fraction Slash
⁏ ⁏ \204F U+204F Reversed Semicolon
⁗ ⁗ \2057 U+2057 Quadruple Prime

HTML Entities for Quotation Marks, Code Table

Symbol Entity HTML-code CSS-code Unicode Name
" " " \0022 U+0022 Quotation Mark
' ' ' \0027 U+0027 Apostrophe
« « « \00AB U+00AB Left-Pointing Double Angle Quotation Mark
» » » \00BB U+00BB Right-Pointing Double Angle Quotation Mark
‘ ‘ \2018 U+2018 Left Single Quotation Mark
’ ’ \2019 U+2019 Right Single Quotation Mark
‚ ‚ \201A U+201A Single Low-9 Quotation Mark
“ “ \201C U+201C Left Double Quotation Mark
” ” \201D U+201D Right Double Quotation Mark
„ „ \201E U+201E Double Low-9 Quotation Mark
‹ ‹ \2039 U+2039 Single Left-Pointing Angle Quotation Mark
› › \203A U+203A Single Right-Pointing Angle Quotation Mark